Knowing About 11th And 12th Commerce Stream Syllabuses

Choosing which stream to go for after 10th is utmost important. Wherever your inclination is, be it Science, Commerce or Arts, make sure it is your choice as it decides the future and career for yourself.  Commerce is a stream that focuses more on topics related to business and finance, economy, trading etc.  Commerce does play a vital role in today’s technology era as somehow everything sums up to be under the commerce field.

So here we will discuss what all students would be made to learn in their CBSE 11th and CBSE 12th Commerce Classes. This article will provide all details regarding the Commerce stream and how it would prove to be the best decision taken by you.

Subjects For Commerce Students

Commerce in layman language is a trade and exchange of goods from the manufacturer to the end customer. The process that follows involving trade practices, finances, economic values etc. are all covered in it. Here are the subjects that students have to learn in their Class 11th and CBSE 12th Commerce Classes.


The practice of having all business transactions, be it recording, allocating or outlining, is what Accountancy is. When all these information and data are recorded in a report for the companies or individual, that is known as Financial Accounting.   It is a mandatory subject in both classes. Accountancy concepts must be very clear as they form basses for other subjects as well.


Economics is the study of how there is optimum utilization of resources. The demand and supply management and how they are meant to satisfy people’s requirement is determined in this subject. Many Economic concepts and values would be learnt in 11th and 12th class.

Business Studies

Business Studies is again a vast subject covering the aspects of businesses organisation such as operation, strategy, marketing and organisation. Class 11 Business studies syllabus includes the overview of business studies, Finance and Trade and nature of the item in any organisation. Class 12 has Business Finance and Project work for students.

Statistics For Economics

There is a functional relationship between several economic theories that helps in comparison to various facts. This study is termed to be Statistics for Economics. It’s more of a practical subject with numbers, algebras and equations in place. It is quite interesting and scoring subject as well.


Commerce is a trade-based stream where all finances, aspects of the organisation are taken into consideration. So, in short, it is based on numbers. This is where Mathematics comes to play.

Informatics Practice

Nowadays, software and technology have taken over in businesses as well. So, it is important to understand software, networking and coding concepts. Yes, it is not a science-related subject that emphasizes on hardware but focuses more on networking concepts and software used by the organisation.

Final Note

It is crucial to have a good grasp of all the concepts and basics of Commerce stream. Be it 11th class Business Studies Syllabus or approaches to various Accountancy and Finance topics. Make sure you thoroughly understand and get a clarity of these in   11th and 12th class as they will form a strong base for the future.

Renovating Your Old Bathroom Made Easier

When it comes to home renovation, most of the people look forward to upgrading their bathrooms. They consider their bathrooms as the only place in their home to relax after a tiring day. Lying in your bathtub, helps you in feeling relaxed. So upgrading your old bathroom shall not be a bad thought.With a little expense you can make the place perfect and better.

Beneficial Tips

This article shall provide you with all the information you may require before starting off your bathroom renovation project.

Budget Estimation

  • Remember to always make a list of stuff that you have to buy, sell and upgrade during your renovation. You need to know where you are spending more and how it can be reduced. Sticking to the budget throughout the project helps a lot in money management. Consult good bathroom contractors in Mountain View to get professional tips.

Lightening System

  • When remodeling, many people skip on the lightning systems. They choose average stuff and do not pay much attention to it. But with proper knowledge, you can save up on your utility bills as well. Prefer choosing a lightning system that makes your place glow up. Dull systems decrease the market value of your bathroom. A good contractor shall give you professional tips.


  • When renovating your bathroom, remember to keep the toilet hidden. You do not wish that the toilet is the first thing that someone sees when they open up the door. Make sure that you ask your professional contractor to help you here. Using a hidden tank toilet can be the perfect solution. It looks more elegant and less space consuming as well.


  • If you are also willing to change the tile pattern of your bathroom then the following tips are for you. Remember to use small textured tiles for your shower area. This is because they prevent falling when your feet are wet. The floor also does not get slippery. If you are going to install a bathtub then do the same around it as well. For the rest of the bathroom go with suitable tiles that can be suggested by your contractor.


  • A window in your bathroom is not a good idea to many people. But the most beautiful bathrooms are always left behind due to the humidity in them. To stop this humidity a window is essential in the shower area.

Requirements And Benefits Of Online Quran Classes For Kids

Earlier kids and young people who were unable to attend the Quran classes at Masjid physically; however, the current trend of learning the Quran in Quran classes online is very familiar. The pandemic of COVID-19 is also a big example in which kids and young people took advantage of the online Quran classes. It is a very easy way to learn the Quran in online Quran classes. It has several benefits to study in this online system.

Requirements For The Best Online Quran Classes

To take full advantage of such a system, all you need now is a personal computer or a laptop with a mic and a fixed telephone, and high-speed Internet connection. Apart from this, kids need an individual Skype ID where they can attend the online lecture.

There are also some benefits of the Quran learning in Quran classes Online which are unfolded below one by one.

Benefits Of Learn Quran With Quran Classes

Learn from Home is very easy to learn Quran with Quran classes online from home. A kid doesn’t need to invest his time in going and coming, so it is the best way for him to learn without any insecurity in society. So, it would always love to learn from the home rather than going outside.

No Need For Transport

A kid who learns the Quran at the best online Quran classes doesn’t require any kind of transport. So, he doesn’t need to go to any institute, but he just needs to visit the laptop’s website. So, there is no complication in this system of online learning.

Pure From Co-Education

Online Quran classes for kids are the best learning system where a student just presents himself from the compute. However, several parents don’t allow their kids to study in Islamic institutes because of the co-education. Thus, it is a secure and pure way to let your kids study in front of your eyes.

Save The Time

It has become easier for the parents to let their kids study from home because kids no need to invest their time going to the institute. However, a kid may preserve his time for extra education or other activities suitable for his health. Therefore, time is matchless because time can never be bought or purchased, but it can only be saved.

Individual Concentration Of Teachers

It is the institutes’ system where students are from different cultures, and different societies get together in one place to attend the lecture. However, many students attend the skype quran classes, and it becomes very rush to concentrate over the lecture. On the other hand, the online Quran classes for kids are different because teachers can concentrate individually as students. So, this is the best way to learn Quran with Quran classes. These benefits may also be counted for the online Quran classes for adults. Apart from this, the students get a separate session for the question and answer, which is positive for their learning.


Therefore, online are an excellent system of learning for the kids. It is secure from all social ill-deeds, so parents don’t need to let their kids leave outside. In this manner, the student can save his time and secure himself in this system of learning the Quran with Quran classes online. There is no difficult requirement for attending these kinds of online courses. So, it can be said that the best online Quran classes for kids are the best way for the kids to learn the Quran.

Undvik Problem Med Bilen Under Den Sommaren

Lasingoo Blogg | Besiktning - undvik de tio vanligaste felen

Under juli och augusti så tenderar våra vägar att fyllas av semesterresenärer som åker på semesterresor, antingen om det besöker stranden eller åker på längre resor med familjen. Detta är nog det året som blir kvar i Sverige och utnyttjar semestern att besöka sevärdheter i Norden eller stanna i stugan hela semestern. Även om du inte har mycket trafik under hela månaden, eftersom människor är mindre benägna att lämna på samma gång, utom midsommartrafiken där alla vill komma till skärgården eller sedan i slutet av semestern period i slutet av juli eller början av augusti. Sommaren är fortfarande den period där flest bilar havererar längs motorvägarna. Du vill säkert se till att detta inte händer dig.

Anledningen är vanligtvis en kombination av några faktorer, för en tenderar du att laster bilen med fler människor och bagage och spendera mer tid på vägen. Vissa av haverierna beror inte på att något är fel med bilen, utan på grund av att bilen har slut på bränsle eller om du har en elbil, slut på laddning. Att försöka klara sträckan till nästa bensinstation med en full bil på vägar som du inte känner till kan leda till att du tror att du kommer klarar det. Du kanske vet hur långt du kommer utifrån din bensinmätare, men nu med en fullastad bil som drar mer bensin kan leda till att bensinen tar slut. Att fastna med hela familjen på sidan av en farligt trafikerade vägar är inte en situation som du önskar dig, så se till att stanna och tanka i god tid innan bensinen tar slut.

Det finns också däckrelaterade haverier, antingen punkterade däck eller fullständiga däckexplosioner. Detta beror oftast på att ingen kontroll gjordes av bilens sommardäck för att försäkra att de var i gott skick innan resan startade. Innan du börjar köra så bör du kontrollera däckens mönsterdjup, däcktryck och det visuella skicket på däcken så att de inte är skadade på något sätt. Däcktrycket kan ha stor inverkan både på däckslitaget och bilens bränsleeffektivitet, så det är viktigt att även kontrollera detta.

Innan du ger dig ut, så bör du förutom däcken, också kontrollera att alla lampor fungerar, att olja och vatten fylls på. Ett konditionstest av bilen kan ge värdefull insyn i vilket skick din bil är i innan du ger dig av. De kontrollerar alla viktiga delar som bromsar, däck, stötdämpare och alla oljor och vätskor.

Var förberedd på att det kan regna så se till att dina vindrutetorkare är i bra skick så att du kan behålla bra sikt. Här är det också viktigt att dina däck är av bra kvalitet och kan förhindra vattenplaning. Mönsterdjup och hastighet i kombination med mängd vatten har störst inverkan. Under hela resans gång så måste du kontrollera din hastighet och se till att du följer hastighetsgränserna i områdena.

Om din bil går sönder på motorvägen kan du försöka ta dig till en avfart eller till en nödparkering och ringa hjälp. Gå ur bilen från dörrarna som inte är nära trafiken och försök att stå på andra sidan kraschbarriären medan du väntar på hjälp.

För mer information om underhåll av sommardäck, besök:


Unngå Problemer Med Bilen I Løpet Av Sommeren


I løpet av juli og august pleier veiene våre å være fylt med ferierende som drar på ferieturer, enten de besøker stranden eller drar på lengre turer med familien. Dette er sannsynligvis året som blir igjen i Sverige og bruker ferien til å besøke severdigheter i Norden eller bo i hytta gjennom hele ferien. Selv om du ikke har mye trafikk gjennom hele måneden, fordi det er mindre sannsynlig at folk forlater samtidig, bortsett fra midtsommertrafikken der alle ønsker å komme seg til skjærgården eller deretter på slutten av ferietiden i slutten av juli eller begynnelsen av august. Sommeren er fortsatt perioden da de fleste biler krasjer langs motorveiene. Du vil sannsynligvis forsikre deg om at dette ikke skjer med deg.

Årsaken er vanligvis en kombinasjon av noen få faktorer, for en pleier du å laste bilen med flere mennesker og bagasje og bruke mer tid på veien. Noen av ulykkene skyldes ikke at noe er galt med bilen, men fordi bilen har gått tom for drivstoff eller hvis du har en elbil, uten lading. Å prøve å komme seg til neste bensinstasjon med full bil på veier du ikke kjenner, kan få deg til å tro at du vil klare det. Du vet kanskje hvor langt du kommer fra bensinmåleren din, men nå med en fullastet bil som trekker mer bensin, kan det føre til at bensin går tom. Å sitte fast med hele familien på siden av en farlig trafikkert vei er ikke en situasjon du ønsker, så sørg for å stoppe og fylle bensin i god tid før bensinen går tom.

Det er også dekkrelaterte sammenbrudd, enten punkterte dekk eller komplette dekkeksplosjoner. Dette er vanligvis fordi det ikke ble foretatt noen sjekk av bilens sommerdekk for å sikre at de var i god stand før turen startet. Før du begynner å kjøre, bør du sjekke mønsterdybden, dekktrykket og synets tilstand slik at de ikke blir skadet på noen måte. Dekktrykk kan ha stor innvirkning på både dekkslitasje og bilens drivstoffeffektivitet, så det er viktig å sjekke dette også.

Før du går ut, i tillegg til dekkene, bør du også sjekke at alle lysene fungerer, at olje og vann fylles på nytt. En tilstandsrapport av bilen kan gi verdifull innsikt i bilens tilstand før du reiser. De sjekker alle viktige deler som bremser, dekk, støtdempere og alle oljer og væsker.

Vær forberedt på regn, så pass på at vindusviskerne er i god stand, slik at du kan opprettholde god sikt. Her er det også viktig at dekkene dine er av god kvalitet og kan forhindre vannplaning. Mønsterdybde og hastighet i kombinasjon med vannmengden har størst innvirkning. Gjennom reisen må du sjekke hastigheten din og sørge for at du følger fartsgrensene i områdene.

Hvis bilen din bryter sammen på motorveien, kan du prøve å komme til en avkjørsel eller til en nødparkering og ringe etter hjelp. Gå ut av bilen fra dørene som ikke er i nærheten av trafikken, og prøv å stå på den andre siden av krasjbarrieren mens du venter på hjelp.

For mer informasjon om vedlikehold av sommerdekk, besøk:


Vältä Auto-Ongelmia Kesällä


Heinä-ja elokuussa tiemme ovat yleensä täynnä lomanviettäjiä, jotka lähtevät lomamatkoille, olipa se sitten rannalle tai pitemmälle retkelle perheen kanssa. Tämä on todennäköisesti vuosi, jona useimmat jäävät Ruotsiin ja käyttävät loman vieraillakseen nähtävyyksissä Pohjoismaissa tai oleskelevat mökillä koko loman. Vaikka ei olisi paljon liikennettä koko kuukauden ajalla, koska ihmiset ovat vähemmän todennäköisesti liikkeellä samanaikaisesti, paitsi juhannuksen liikenteessä, jossa kaikki haluavat päästä saaristoon tai lomakauden lopussa myöhään heinäkuun lopussa tai elokuun alussa. Kesä on edelleen kausi, jolloin suurin osa autoonnettomuuksista tapahtuu moottoriteillä. Haluat todennäköisesti varmistaa, että tämä ei tapahdu sinulle.

Syynä on yleensä muutamien tekijöiden yhdistelmä, sillä yhdellä on tapana lastata autoon enemmän ihmisiä ja matkalaukkuja ja viettää enemmän aikaa tiellä. Jotkut onnettomuuksista eivät johdu siitä, että autossa on jotain vikaa, vaan koska autossa on loppunut polttoaine tai jos sinulla on sähköauto, akku loppuu. Yritettäessä päästä seuraavalle huoltoasemalle täydellä autolla tiellä, joita et tunne, voi saada sinut ajattelemaan, että saat sen. Saatat tietää, kuinka kaukana olet huoltoasemalta, mutta nyt täyteen lastatulla autolla, joka vetää enemmän polttoainetta, se voi loppua. Juuttuminen koko perheen kanssa vaarallisesti kiireisen tien sivuun ei ole haluamasi tilanne, joten muista pysähtyä ja tankata hyvissä ajoin ennen kuin bensiini loppuu.

On myös renkaisiin liittyviä ongelmia, joko puhkaistuja renkaita tai täydellisiä rengasräjähdyksiä. Tämä johtuu yleensä siitä, että auton kesärenkaita ei tarkistettu sen varmistamiseksi, että ne olivat hyvässä kunnossa ennen matkan alkua. Ennen kuin aloitat ajon, sinun tulee tarkistaa renkaan urasyvyys, rengaspaine ja visuaalinen kunto, jotta ne eivät ole millään tavalla vahingoittuneet.  Rengaspaineella voi olla suuri vaikutus sekä renkaan kulumiseen että auton polttoainetaloudellisuuteen, joten on tärkeää tarkistaa tämä myös.

Ennen kuin lähdet ulos, renkaiden lisäksi sinun tulee myös tarkistaa, että kaikki valot toimivat, että öljy ja vesi täytetään uudelleen. Auton kuntotarkistuksen avulla voidaan saada arvokasta tietoa auton kunnosta ennen lähtöä. He tarkastavat kaikki tärkeät osat, kuten jarrut, renkaat, iskunvaimentimet ja kaikki öljyt ja nesteet.

Valmistaudu sateiseen keliin, joten varmista, että tuulilasinpyyhkimet ovat hyvässä kunnossa, jotta voit säilyttää hyvän näkyvyyden. Tässä yhteydessä on myös tärkeää, että renkaasi ovat hyvälaatuiset ja voivat estää vesiliirron. Kuvion syvyydellä ja nopeudella yhdessä veden määrän kanssa on suurin vaikutus. Koko matkan aikana sinun on tarkistettava nopeutesi ja noudatettava alueiden nopeusrajoituksia.

Jos autosi hajoaa moottoritiellä, voit yrittää päästä poistumistielle tai hätäparkkipaikalle ja soittaa apua. Poistu autosta ovesta, joka ei ole lähellä liikennettä, ja yritä seistä tien sivussa odottaessasi apua.

Lisätietoja kesärenkaiden kunnossapidosta on osoitteessa

The Online Sport Betting Websites Offering Different Features For The Betting Lovers

Playing online betting:

Playing online betting has always been really very common among the people belonging to different places of the world. There are so many people all over the world who are crazy about sports betting and like to play them over the internet expecting the cash winning prizes as well. However, winning the instant payouts is not such a simple task. It requires a lot of efforts, especially finding the trusted and the reliable source of playing the online betting. There are so many online betting sources that have been offering the instant cash prizes on the win and most of them are real as they have got so many reviews over the internet from the users playing those betting games.

Interesting betting games:

People can find a list of the online betting over the internet where they can enjoy their betting games as well as win different prices as well. The innovative and the unique new features of these online sport betting have been offering so many kinds of instant payouts for the winners that have actually made these games really very popular all over the world. However, they can find the UFA according to their choice whenever they want.

Winning prizes:

Most of the people like to look for the online sport betting with the best payouts over the internet. Though, it is a bit difficult to find such online betting source over the internet, but not at all difficult. This is why a lot of people have made playing online sport betting so much popular all over the world by winning instant payouts from the online betting in the world. These sources go best with the people who are crazy about the online betting games.

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Online betting:

One of the most common things these days is the online betting that has made the online agencies more in action. A lot of people have been betting with one another by putting different demands and winning cash over the internet through this betting that are done over the internet. This has become one of the most interesting ways of winning cash for the betting lovers with the help of the best sources over the internet. This is why betting has become a part of different online betting portals over the world these days.

Improving Your Home One Step At A Time!

Home improvement has been around for as long as there have been structures in which people have lived in. Everyone wants to live in a home that’s as well-furnished and comfortable as possible, and a little savvy home improvement work is often the best way to achieve that goal. Keep reading on for solid home improvement advice in this futuristic age of technology and convenience.

Painting is a perennial task. Water-based latex paints make for the easiest clean-up. You only need water and soap. But sometimes oil paint is best for a job. It is longer lasting. When cleaning up from oil paint, use cooking oil on your brushes to dissolve the paint. Then you can use water and soap.

Use shelf brackets to silence your squeaky stairs. Metal shelf brackets can have a multitude of uses. One use is to attach them underneath stairs to stop them from squeaking. Use a drill to quickly screw them into place. Be careful not to allow the screws to protrude through the steps!

Everyone loves a nice bathroom. You can do this by getting a new sink or toilet and getting nice new cabinets. Updating your bathroom is one of the best ways to improve your home and it will also increase the net price on your house selling it on the market.

Always make sure that a company you hire is a legitimate one. That means they’re probably small time and aren’t very reputable if a company doesn’t give you a physical address and only conducts business over the phone. Instead, select someone with a good reputation.

When remodeling your kitchen, budget appropriately for your new appliances. It may be tempting to spend less on items like a refrigerator or dishwasher, but if they’re noisy, the bargain isn’t so attractive. This is an especially important consideration in open-floor plan settings, where kitchen noise can drift into other living areas.

Open up the curtains and blinds during a showing to allow natural light into the home. If the outdoor scenery is not desirable, consider keeping the blinds somewhat closed to draw less attention to it. Turn on all of the lights in the home so the home looks bright and cheery instead of dreary and dark.

Refurbishing an unfinished basement floor can bring the space together while increasing the functionality of the basement. Family friends and members will want to go down there more than they did before and one can create a new area to entertain guests. Putting down acarpet and wood. Alternatively, synthetic floor will really improve ones basement.

An easily-missed factor in cooling costs is your AC unit. If you simply replace or clean the filters in your air conditioner, you may not need to replace your insulation or windows. This is true for both window and central air units. The cost of a new filter for your central unit is much less than new insulation!

No matter what rooms you are remodeling in your home, come up with a plan beforehand. This can be a sketch or drawing. Figure out what you want to do to in each room before you even begin. This is important because you do not want to be confused or overwhelmed in the middle of your project.

Make sure that you make a realistic budget before you start making any improvements to your home and you do your best to stick to the budget. While there are many factors that can make things cost a bit more than expected, you should not be spending thousands of dollars more than you can afford.

With a bit of planning and research, anyone can achieve successful home improvements. Because it is often harder than it looks, take your work and time carefully. A common problem is for a project to be much expensive and harder than originally thought.

How You Can Effectively Market Your Business

Internet marketing is often misunderstood. There is far more to internet marketing than putting a banner ad on Facebook and waiting for visitors to come to your site. The number of options is astounding and this article offers some advice on how to pursue those options. Follow the tips below to get started on a successful online marketing campaign.

Even if you are running a legitimate hosted site and are selling a product, it is still a good idea to have a blog. A blog allows your customers to get in direct contact with you, to know what you are thinking, and to view you as more than a business. It also allows you to address customer concerns directly and to grow your business around the needs of your customers.

Make sure to evaluate the content of your website. Know what your website says, what the goals of the site are, and get a gauge on how useful the content is. A well defined site is sure to attract more traffic. Increased traffic is key to maintaining a successful site.

One new idea for marketing a product online is to include a real-time chat room on your website. If you have the staff to man this chat room at least during the busiest hours of traffic for your site, you are likely to see an increase in sales and traffic. Site visitors will feel a personal connection to your site and your business.

To increase your productivity and ascertain that you are getting to the right people, analyze and create a viable target market on the internet. This will allow you to focus in on the type of people that will purchase your product, which ends up facilitating business. Keep this target market happy and appeal to their liking.

Make sure you have perfect spelling and grammar on all of your internet marketing. The quickest way to scare off potential customers is by having too many spelling errors. This translates to visitors as carelessness. Have a few other people read over your writing to catch mistakes you may have missed.

When you are running an online business, make sure that the content of your website stays fresh. If your customers see the same content on your site day after day, they will soon lose interest and move on to other places. When you offer something new periodically, this will keep your customers interested.

If you’re using email marketing, don’t go overboard with images and fancy designs. With people constantly on the move, they may be reading your emails from their cell phone. And with the small screens on cell phones, if your email has a lot of fancy formatting, it may be difficult to read. You should keep cell phones in mind when designing your emails.

The advice offered in this article will help you reach your online marketing goals. They introduce some concepts that many people are not familiar with; internet marketing is an intricate science that is best conducted when you have the right tips available. Keep the tips presented in this article by your side to ensure you are on the right path.